NASA has selected Elon Musk’s SpaceX Company to build landers that will send humans back to the moon within a decade.
According to NASA’s Artemis program, the car will bring the next man and the first woman to the moon’s surface.
Another goal of the program is to land the first people of color on the moon.
Lander, a spacecraft based in SpaceX, is test at a location in South Texas.
SpaceX is bidding with Jeff Bezos, the traditional aerospace giant and founder of Amazon, and Diniz of Alabama. The total value of the contract awarded to Musk was $2.89 billion.
“With this award, NASA and our partners will complete their first manned mission to the moon in the 21st century, a step towards women’s equality and long-term deep-space exploration,” said Cathy Lauders, the organization’s head of human exploration.
“This critical step puts humans on the path to sustainable lunar exploration, allowing us to look more at the solar system, including Mars,” he says.
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The Artemis program, launched under the Trump administration, aims to return to moon levels by 2024. However, a lack of funding for the landing system makes this goal impossible.
Elon Musk has been developing Starship’s design for years. Like golden age’s Sci-Fi rocket, it is an important part of the entrepreneur’s long-term plan to settle on Mars.
However, it will now use as landers to transport astronauts from lunar orbit to the moon’s surface.
Astronauts with large cockpits and two airlocks can leave the spacecraft for lunar walks, away from the narrow lunar rotating module (LM), which brought the Apollo program to Earth between 1969 and 1972.
The new car will called the Human Landing System (HLS).
NASA recently selected more than one company in acquiring space transportation services, and if one of them did not offer it, NASA would give you that option.
However, NASA received only $850 million of the $3.3 billion requested by Congress to build the Lunar Lander. “While the agency still wants to maintain a competitive environment at this stage of the HLS program,” Ludce said in a statement, denying the agency current funding of the choice between the two companies.
Cost considered an important factor: SpaceX’s offering is the lowest supply of three competitors by a wide margin.
“I decided it was in the agency’s best interest to make a preliminary and probationary decision for SpaceX,” Lodz explained.
The decision provoked a stir in Congress. After Joe Biden elected president, NASA is going through a transition. An interim director runs the agency, and The Muston’s election to the agency’s chairperson, former senator and astronaut Bill Nelson, will appear at his confirmation hearing next week.
“I am disappointed that NASA’s interim leadership has decided to make such a decision before the arrival of a permanent administrator and a new NASA vice president,” said Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson, the top Democrat on the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space and Technology.
NASA’s goal is the moon’s Antarctic, the first time astronauts have landed since 1972. The area is rich in blue ice, which can converted into rocket fuel and breathable air to withstand future lunar bases.
However, touching also presents a challenge, as the angle of the sun sends a long shadow, and when the spacecraft lands, the surface features become blurry.
Engineers need to solve this problem because they have perfected their first Artemis landing plan.
SpaceX’s playoff game against the national team included Blue Ela set (founded by Bezos), Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman and Draper, and defense contractor Denney.
This is another milestone for the 19-year-old Mask Company. SpaceX nearly ran out of money, but in 2008, NASA accidentally awarded the contract.
Since then it has successfully launched commercial satellites into space and won a lucrative contract to send people to the ISS.
This starship tested at a plant in Boca Chica in South Texas. Some prototypes launched without skewers at an altitude of 10 kilometers or more and then returned in an attempt to land slowly on Earth. However, the last test flights ended in car explosions that came close on return or were on mattresses.
“This is an exciting time for NASA, especially for the Artemis team,” says Lisa Watson-Morgan, director of the Human Landing Systems Program at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville.
“During the Apollo program, we proved that something seemingly impossible can be done: land humans on the moon. By working with industry and leveraging NASA’s proven technical expertise and capabilities, we are bringing American astronauts back to the moon’s surface, this time to explore new areas for longer.
Artemis’ program aims to create a long-term presence on the moon, including the lunar base.