Gardening is the cultivation and care of plants in a garden. Ornamental plants with flowers, leaves or general appearance are usually grown in a garden: Useful plants such as tubers, leafy vegetables, fruits and plants used for food, as color or for medicine and cosmetics.
Gardening and atmospheric inspection
Gardening ranges from high boulevard gardens where one or more different types of shrubs, trees and plants are planted, to home gardens with lawns and foundations, to container gardens that grow indoors and outdoors. Horticulture can be very specialized and include only one type of plant or a mixture of plants. It involves active participation in the growth of plants and is often labor intensive, in addition to farming or forestry.
Creating a new garden bed usually means sacrificing part of the lawn. You can use chemicals to kill the grass (or other plants), although this is often harmful to you and the environment. There are several effective biological methods to remove weeds and roots along the way.
Before you start gardening, it is important to know what the environment is like.
Stratosphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere and outer layers are the five layers that make up the earth’s atmosphere. Seventy-five per cent of the gases in the atmosphere are in the atmosphere (lower layer). The atmosphere contains about 78.0 % nitrogen, 20.9 % oxygen and 0.92 % arsenic. In addition to nitrogen, oxygen and arsenic, small amounts of other gases such as carbon dioxide and water vapor are also present. Water vapor and carbon dioxide enable the Earth’s atmosphere to capture and store solar energy through the greenhouse effect.
It warms the Earth’s surface sufficiently to hold liquid water and make life possible. The atmosphere not only stores heat but also protects life by shielding the Earth’s surface from cosmic radiation, which is often mistakenly thought to be disturbed by magnetic fields. The magnetic field created by the internal motion of atomic nuclei forms a magnetosphere that shields the Earth’s atmosphere from the solar wind. Since the Earth is 4.5 billion years old, it will now lose its atmosphere without a protective magnetosphere.
Plate superposition (layering)
This method, also known as “cardboard coating” or “layering”, involves laying out organic materials such as newspapers or cardboard without covering them first to kill weeds. It is also organic and environmentally friendly and can be mixed with grass and newspaper or cardboard. As this is a lengthy process, it is best to lay the soil in summer in preparation for next spring’s planting season.
First, determine the size of your planting bed and lay a thick layer of cardboard or newspaper over the area. Make sure that the seams overlap by at least 15 cm. If you use newspaper, make sure that the sheets are only black (no color) and that the layer is at least ten sheets thick. Then add a layer of compost up to 5 or 6 centimeters wide on top of the paper or cardboard to hold it in place. Wood shavings can also be used.
In warm climates the grass will break up in about three to four months; in colder climates, it may take the whole growing season. When you are ready, add a thick layer of compost to the planting bed.
Another natural way to kill plants during the day is to use the sun’s heat to bake the soil in the heat, killing plants and vegetation.
Start with the smallest planting area. Then completely remove the hose that runs through the area. Next, cover the area with a light plastic sheet cut to the intended size of your new green space. Lower the edge of the plastic (like a brick) to hold it in place. In moderate sunlight, the soil under the sheeting can heat up to about 140 degrees Celsius. In this way, the living plants burn the weeds and seeds and kill the soil bacteria.
After about four weeks, the weeds should die and fall off. You can then bury the dead grass into the soil, add compost or another soil conditioner if desired, and plant your beds.
Manual debridement is very strenuous, but ideal for normal movement. It is also very effective.
Leave the grass well wet for a day or two before removing it. It softens the grass and relaxes the roots. Next, I cut the grass into 1-foot square areas with a sharp spade. Remove each section by sliding the shovel under each section and lifting it off the ground.
Place the unwanted grass in a compost bin and use it to resurface exposed areas of the garden for neighbors to use, or to dispose of with other garden waste. Remember that some weed pellets may survive and germinate if the compost is used in the garden unless the composting process provides sufficient heat.
Healthy soil is the foundation of any successful garden, and most plants do best in the right type of soil. Common soil problems that can affect plant health include.
Nutrient problems. Plants get all the nutrients they need to grow from the soil. Soil tests are done in garden beds to determine the nutrient content of the soil. If the results show a deficiency, amendments must be made to solve the problem.
Incorrect soil ph. Soil pH affects the ability of plants to absorb nutrients. Some plants can tolerate different pH levels in the soil, from acidic to alkaline. However, soils that are too acidic or alkaline can have a negative impact on plant growth and productivity. Soil tests determine the pH of the garden soil.
Soil type is incorrect. Soil type refers to the texture and composition of the soil. For example, some soils contain too much clay, which causes drainage problems. If the soil is too sandy, water has to drain away before plant roots can use it, and the soil does not contain enough organic matter to provide the right amount of nutrients. It is important that you know the soil type of your garden beds so that you can correct it accordingly.
And no matter how healthy your soil is, you shouldn’t mistake it for compost when you plant your garden. Use a rotary stick to spread the compost over the soil, or work it into the garden by hand. Then lift the foundation with a spade and prepare it for planting.
You don’t need an elaborate compost bin to make compost. Composting is relatively easy if you master the basic concept of layering organic material and providing the right amount of moisture and air. Tiny natural organisms quickly turn organic waste into the most nutrient-rich soil amendment.
Choosing the right plants
When choosing plants for the garden, do your homework and read up on the specific requirements of the plants to ensure you choose the right plants for the right place.
It is important to know that plants commonly used in garden beds and landscapes generally fall into the following categories.
Year of plant. Plants that have gone through their entire life cycle should be repotted every year during the growing season. Many summer flowering plants fall into this category, e.g. chrysanthemums, impatiens, petals, violets, and cornflowers. Some plants that grow year-round in warm climates can be used as annuals in cooler climates.
Perennial (and biennial) plants. The leaves of the plants come back each year after they die in winter, but the roots of the plants grow back in spring. Some perennials are long-lived, such as piven, spruce, and false flower, while others are relatively short-lived, such as lupine, columbine, and bryonies. Plants classified as biennials can be considered short-lived perennials. They develop foliage in the first year, flower in the second year, and then die. Williams foxglove, holly and foxglove are examples of biennials.
Woody trees and shrubs. Plants with soft stems are annuals and permanent. In contrast, they have stiff stems and wood. Instead of digging and reporting from the ground, these plants sprout new stems or main branches. All common trees and also many shrubs fall into this category.