Smoking can have many adverse effects on the body. Some of these can lead to life-threatening complications.
In fact, smoking increases the risk of death from various causes, not just smoking-related causes, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Smoking affects the respiratory system, circulation, reproductive system, skin and eyes and increases the risk of multiple cancers.
In this article, let us look at the 10 possible effects of smoking.
1. Lung damage
Smoking can affect lung health because the person inhales not only nicotine, but also several additional chemicals.
Cigarettes have significantly higher risk of lung cancer. Men are 25 times more at risk than men are and 25.7 times more likely to be women.
The CDC reports that about nine out of 10 lung cancer deaths related to smoking.
Smoking also carries an increased risk and death from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In fact, the American Lung Association reports that smoking causes 80 percent of deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Cigarette smoking is also associated with the development of physium and chronic bronchitis. They can also initiate or intensify asthma attacks.
2. Heart Disease
Smoking can damage your heart, blood vessels, and blood cells.
Chemicals and tar in cigarettes increase a person’s risk of developing atherosclerosis when making plaque in blood vessels. This buildup limits blood flow and can lead to dangerous blockages.
Smoking also increases the risk of peripheral artery disease (PAD), which occurs when the arteries in the arms and legs begin to narrow and limit blood flow.
Studies have shown a direct link between smoking and pad development. Even those who smoked had a higher risk than those who never smoked.
Using PAD increases the risk of experience:
- Angina, or chest pain
3. Fertility problems
Smoking can damage a woman’s reproductive system and make pregnancy difficult. This may be because tobacco and other chemicals affect hormone levels in cigarettes.
In men, the more a person smokes, the greater the risk of erectile dysfunction. Smoking also affects sperm quality and reduces fertility.
4. Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Regular smokers have a 30 to 40 percent higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than non-smokers, reports the CDC.
Smoking can also make it difficult for diabetics to control their condition.
5. The immune system is weak
Smoking weakens a person’s immune system and makes them more susceptible to the disease.
It can also cause additional inflammation in the body.
6. Vision Problems
Smoking can cause eye problems such as cataracts and an increased risk of age-related macular degradation.
Other vision problems associated with smoking include:
- Dry eyes
- Diabetic retinopathy
7. Poor Oral Hygiene
Smokers are twice as likely to develop gum. This risk increases with the amount of smoke a person smokes.
Symptoms of gum disease include:
- Swelling and crisp gums
- Bleeding while brushing your teeth
- Dilated Teeth
- Sensitive teeth
Smoking limits a person’s ability to experiment and smell properly. You can also paint your teeth yellow or brown.