Camera lenses

Here are the 6 main types of camera lenses and the best time to use them.

Getting started in the world of photography can be a minefield when it comes to the different types of lenses on the market.

Even for experienced photographers, it is difficult to explain the exact differences and features of each lens, but knowing more about a lens’ function, focal length, and purpose will help you use it in the right situation.

In addition, knowing when to use the right lens is just one step on the way to becoming a better photographer. In this article, we look at the different types of camera lenses and when to use them.

What are the different types of camera lenses?

When we talk about lenses this time, we mean the moving lenses that photographers use. The same principles apply to Sony and Nikon, different types of cameras, different brands, whether DSLR or mirrorless.

However, it is important to know that some lenses are designed for different camera dinosaurs, so do your research before you buy. DSLR and mirrorless cameras can have either full-frame sensors or crop sensors. Full-frame lenses can also be use for crop sensors, while lenses designed for crop sensors cannot be used for full-frame.

What are the main types of camera lenses?

In the early stages of photography, it can be very overwhelming when you find out what type of lens your camera has. Fortunately, there are two types of camera lenses: Zoom lenses and fixed focal lengths. Here are the definitions of these two types of camera lenses.

What is a zoom lens?

A zoom lens is one of the most common types of the lens in your photographic arsenal, as it allows you to take a wide range of shots that can capture everything from people on the street to wildlife on the African savannah. Zoom lenses are very versatile; the most popular is the 70-200mm used by wedding photographers. Because the zoom focal length varies, a 70-200mm lens can magnify from 70mm to 200mm, for example. However, if you look around a bit, you can find zooms with a longer range, such as the 18-270 mm.

For a new photographer or someone who needs to shoot in different environments and conditions, there is nothing better than the quality and adaptability of a good zoom range. This is the multi-purpose lens that everyone needs.

What are the main uses?

The fixed focal length lens is a classic that has been around for as long as the camera. The fixed focal length lens has a fixed focal length, so it cannot be enlarged or reduced.

The main advantage of a fixed focal length lens is that it specializes in a single focal length. This means that it is tuned to specific types of images, unlike zoom lenses that can be used for a wide range of situations.

For this reason, premium lenses often deliver better image quality than zoom lenses, but you need to know in which situations they can use. For example, a 50 mm lens (also known as a Fifty 50) is ideal for portraits because its focal length is closest to the human eye.

On the other hand, landscape photographers tend to use a 35 mm lens.

Telephoto lens

A standard zoom lens is not sufficient for your needs. These large lenses range from 100 mm to 600 mm, and sometimes even longer lenses are seen.

Telephoto lenses are large and may require a tripod. There is no cheaper place to put them than a standard zoom lens.

If you are a professional nature, sports or night sky, and star photographer, a telephoto lens can be invaluable. However, for amateurs, it may not be in the budget.

Wide-angle lenses

If you are a landscape photographer and want to improve your skills, a wide-angle lens should be included. A wide-angle lens has a longer focal length and can naturally capture more of the scene in front of you than, say, a zoom lens.

This is why a wide-angle lens is the best choice for shooting landscapes, as you can capture more of them and create more vivid images. It is also great for architectural photography as it allows you to capture the entire building in front of you. Wide-angle lenses usually have a focal length of 16-35mm.


If you need a wider angle of view, you should invest in a fisheye lens. These lenses create an unusual “fisheye” effect, similar to GoPro footage.

Fisheye lenses are essentially ultra-wide angle lenses that offer a huge field of view. They are more specialized lenses that are not necessary for most photographers. This is useful for indoor photography or design work with cameras. Ultra-wide angle lenses can have a small focal length of 8 mm.

 Knowing which lens is best for the situation will make you a much better photographer.

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